Rethinking Global Health Policy in the Post-COVID Era
Japan has considered global health as an essential element of “human security” and one of its diplomatic strategies. However, global health is facing a major transformation due to the COVID-19 pandemic. In particular, the division of multilateral cooperation and unscientific responses, which reflected the global political sentiment, accelerated the worsening of the pandemic and exposed the fundamental governance challenges in global health. Furthermore, with the decline in the WHO’s financial and political capacity, the influence of public-private partnerships, private foundations, and, in recent years, the private sector has increased. Global health is no longer a traditional public health matter but should be interdisciplinary and cross-cutting in close collaboration with related fields, such as national security, fiscal policy, economic policy, and science and technology. The objectives of this study are three-fold: (1) to make policy recommendations for Japan’s global health strategy from the perspectives of public-private partnerships, innovative technologies, and impact investment; (2) to enhance Japan’s domestic health sector reform through learning from system innovations in developing countries; and (3) to develop future leaders in global health policy.